Canadian Americans

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This article is about Americans of Canadian origin. For Canadians of American origin, see American Canadian.
Canadian American
Canadien-Américain
Flag of Canada.svgFlag of the United States.svg
Total population
(1,062,640
0.33% of the American populationLocation of Canada)
Regions with significant populations
NortheastMidwestSouthwestSoutheast
Languages
English (AmericanCanadian)
French (AcadianCanadianNew England)
Religion
Roman CatholicismProtestantism • Other
Related ethnic groups
Americans, American Canadians, Canadians, French Americans, French Canadians, British Americans, English Canadians, British, French

Canadian Americans are American citizens or nationals who were born in and/or largely grew up in Canada, but later moved into the United States. It can also be used to refer to American-born citizens who either have parents who immigrated from Canada or have significant Canadian ancestry and/or identity. The term is particularly apt when applied or self-applied to people with strong ties to Canada, such as those who have lived a significant portion of their lives or were educated in Canada, and then relocated to the United States. To others, especially for those living in New England or the Midwest, a Canadian-American is one whose ancestors came from Canada.[1]

The term Canadian refers to some as nationality, and to others as ethnicity. English-speaking Canadian immigrants easily integrate and assimilate into American culture and society as a result of the cultural similarities and in the vocabulary and accent in spoken English.[2] French-speaking Canadians, because of language, culture, and religion, tend to take longer to assimilate.[3] However, by the 3rd generation, the assimilation is complete, and the Canadian identity is more or less folklore.[4] This took place, even though half of the population of the province of Quebec emigrated to the US between 1840 and 1930.[5] Many New England cities formed Little Canadas, but many of these have gradually disappeared.

This cultural “invisibility” within the larger U.S. population is seen as creating stronger affinity amongst Canadians living in the U.S. than might otherwise exist.[6] According to U.S. Census estimates the number of Americans of Canadian ancestry was around 640,000 in 2000.[7] Some sources have cited the number to possibly be over 1,000,000.[8]

Canadians who travel to the U.S. to escape their colder winter are known as “snowbirds“. They sometimes have residences in the Southern half of the U.S. (e.g. Florida, the Carolinas, Georgia, Southern Texas, Southern California, and Arizona).[9]

Americans of Canadian descent[edit]

Born in/lived in Canada, with American citizenship[edit]

American cities founded by or named after Canadians[edit]

Canadian American Day[edit]

The Connecticut State Senate unanimously passed a bill in 2009, making June 24 Canadian American Day in the state of Connecticut. The bill allows state officials to hold ceremonies at the capitol and other places each year to honor Americans of Canadian ancestry.[56]

Aboriginal Canadian Americans[edit]

As a consequence of Article 3 of the Jay Treaty of 1794, official First Nations status, or in the US Native American status, also confers the right to live and work on either side of the border.[57]

Study[edit]

Some institutions in the United States focus on Canadian-American studies, including the Canadian-American Center at the University of Maine,[58] the Center for Canadian American studies at Western Washington University,[59] and the SUNY University at Buffalo Canadian-American Studies Committee.[60]